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Lesson 3: Practice

Practice Spanish Verb Conjugation

Endings of "-ar" Spanish Verbs:

"Ellos" and "Ellas" Both Mean "They"

Talking about a group of girls?
Ellos or ellas? Use "ellas"

Talking about a group of guys?
Ellos or ellas? Use "ellos"

Talking about a group of girls and  guys?
Ellos or ellas? Use "ellos"

"Tomar" (To Take)

"Vosotros —ais" is Used for ("You Guys")

You can also say "vosotros" to mean "you guys" instead of "ustedes," but this is only used in Spain. If you choose to use vosotros to say "you guys," then the verb ending gets changed to "—ais."

The Pronoun is Optional

When we use verbs in phrases, we are not actually required to include a pronoun at all. When we conjugate a verb to a certain verb form, that conjugated version of the verb usually already makes it obvious to know who is doing the action. So look.... "yo tomo" is the same as just saying "tomo." These are both grammatically correct. So just say who you are talking about when you want to be specific about who does the action.

For example:
Since "toma" could either mean "he takes" or "she takes," the listener might not know who you are talking about in this case unless you include the "he" or "she" pronoun. This is a good example of a time when you would probably want to include the pronoun with the phrase just to be on the safe side.


We covered the conjugation of simple "-ar" verbs. Here is a quick practice for you. See if you can master the conjugation of the verb "caminar" (to walk.)

caminar

"Caminar" (To Walk)



"-er" and "-ir" Verb Endings

Comparing "-er/-ir" Verbs with "-ar" Verbs

Notice how similar "-ir" and "-er" Spanish verbs are to "-ar" Spanish verbs. Basically the only difference between they two types of verbs is that you just replace the A's with E's! Simple enough right?

confused emote If you are confused, just look over the examples below where we conjugate "-er" and "-ir" Spanish verbs. They will help you out!

"-er" Verb Conjugation Example

Conjugating an "-er" Spanish Verb

comer

"-ir" Verb Conjugation Example

Conjugating an "-ir" Spanish Verb

comer

"-er" Verb Conjugation Practice

Conjugating an "-er" Spanish Verb

comer

"-ir" Verb Conjugation Practice

Conjugating an "-ir" Spanish Verb

comer

Good Work!

You are doing a splendid job. If you have made it this far, you can be sure that you are going to even make it further if you keep up with your studies. This is undeniably one of the longest lessons of this course, but it is also a very important one. Once you feel that you are ready to move on, please continue to the review section of Spanish lesson 3.




Spanish Verb Conjugation Review »

Last updated: 2017

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